How Debate Works

Evatt is a simulation of the UN Security Council (UNSC), one of the principal organs of the United Nations and the UN body charged with the maintenance of international peace and security.

Its powers, exercised through UN Security Council resolutions, include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action.

It also plays a central role in admitting new Member States and appointing the UN Secretary-General. It sits in permanent session which means meetings can be held at a moment’s notice to respond to a global crisis.

Members of the UNSC

In 2024, the Security Council is composed of 15 Member States:

The Five Permanent Members: China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Ten Non-Permanent Members: Algeria, Ecuador, Guyana, Japan, Malta, Mozambique, Republic of Korea, Sierra Leone, Slovenia and Switzerland.

Debate Procedure

The Evatt Competition runs on rules of procedure developed specifically for the competition, but which emulate the process of debate in the Security Council. Given the complexity of the Security Council, these rules, naturally, are quite complicated. Please read Section 2 ‘The Rules of Procedure’ of the Judging Criteria to become familiar with the rules of procedure. On the other hand, you can read the Procedure Cheat Sheet for a more summary overview of the rules of procedure.

How To Win

The aim of a team in the Evatt Competition is simple: achieve national goals through diplomacy.

The arena is the UN Security Council, convened to consider a resolution written by the Evatt Competition Judging Panel which mirrors a real Security Council resolution. Students must use all the tools of the Security Council to mould this resolution to advance their assigned country’s interests: formal speeches, amendments, parliamentary procedure, and, of course, lots of back-room wheeling and dealing.

Please read the Judging Criteria. The Evatt Judging Panel is not looking for the best debater, or the most knowledgeable team, but rather, they are looking for the most effective diplomats. This involves five key elements: speaking, negotiation, teamwork, research, and diplomacy.